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Citation Formats: In-Text Citations

APA In Text Citations, First and Subsequent

These examples are based on Table 6.1 "Basic Citation Styles" in the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.

One work by one author

First citation in text

   Reed (2014)

Subsequent citations in text

   Reed (2014)

Parenthetical format, first citation in text

   (Reed, 2014)

Parenthetical format, subsequent citations in text

   (Reed, 2014)

One work by two authors

First citation in text

   Brown and Gregg (2012)

Subsequent citations in text

   Brown and Gregg (2012)

Parenthetical format, first citation in text

   (Brown & Gregg, 2012)

Parenthetical format, subsequent citations in text

   (Brown & Gregg, 2012)

One work by three authors

First citation in text

   Cumming, Thompson, and McCormick (2014)

Subsequent citations in text

   Cumming et al. (2014)

Parenthetical format, first citation in text

   (Cumming, Thompson, & McCormick, 2014)

Parenthetical format, subsequent citations in text

   (Cumming et al., 2014)

One work by four authors

First citation in text

   Nelson, Quinn, Marrington, and Clarke (2012)

Subsequent citations in text

   Nelson et al. (2012)

Parenthetical format, first citation in text

   (Nelson, Quinn, Marrington, & Clarke, 2012)

Parenthetical format, subsequent citations in text

   (Nelson et al., 2012)

One work by five authors

First citation in text

   Dulebohn, Bommer, Liden, Broucer, and Ferris (2012)

Subsequent citations in text

   Dulebohn et al. (2012)

Parenthetical format, first citation in text

   (Dulebohn, Bommer, Liden, Broucer, & Ferris, 2012)

Parenthetical format, subsequent citations in text

   (Dulebohn et al., 2012)

 

One work by six or more authors

First citation in text

   Maggi et al. (2014)

Subsequent citations in text

   Maggi et al. (2014)

Parenthetical format, first citation in text

   (Maggi et al., 2014)

Parenthetical format, subsequent citations in text

   (Maggi et al., 2014)

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