Skip to main content

Physics and Astronomy: Citation Styles

A guide to physics and astronomy resources from the University of South Carolina's Thomas Cooper Library.

When and Why to Cite

When you directly quote, paraphrase, or reference another source that has influenced your own work, you need to provide a proper citation. You should also provide documentation for any statistics or facts that are not considered common knowledge.

Citation is necessary to:

  • Avoid charges of plagiarism
  • Give credit to the original author or creator
  • Provide context for your audience
  • Allow readers to find and consult the source themselves

To ensure that you are using the proper citation style for your class, project, or article, please read the requirements provided to you or consult your instructor, as citation styles can vary drastically.

Common Citation Styles

Select the appropriate link to access resources for the following citation styles:


AIP citation style

Note: The "AIP style manual: 4th edition"(1990) is freely available online, but the reuse is not formally sanctioned by AIP Publishing as it is out of date with no plans to update it at the present time.

AAS submissions