Writing Research Questions
One method used to write research questions in the health sciences uses the acronym PICO. PICO stands for:
P: population or problem
I: intervention or exposure
C: comparison variable
Building the Search
For the research questions:
In older adults, does resistance training improve memory?
P (Population): older adults
I (Intervention): resistance training
C (Comparison): not specified
O (Outcome): improved memory
After developing your question, identify the main concepts. Brainstorm keywords for each concept. Then, connect your keywords to build a strategy using connectors called Booleans (AND, OR, NOT).
|AND||older adults AND resistance training AND memory||Results will contain all the terms.|
|OR||older adults OR geriatrics||Results will contain either term.|
|NOT||seniors NOT high school||Results eliminate a term.|
How Do I...?
Finding Background Information
Use these sources to gain familiarity with your topic, narrow your research question, provide context, and identify experts