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The Cold War

Introduction

This page includes materials in SCPC's collections on The Cold War arranged by country in alphabetical order.

Note: The box descriptions do not provide an exhaustive list of the folders within. These are simply highlights from the boxes which give an idea of the type of materials inside. It's likely that there are more related documents within the boxes listed below.

Afghanistan - China

Afghanistan

Box 272. Letter from Hollings asking for a stronger policy concerning Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, 1979
Box 327. Constituent letters, 1983-84.
Box 352. Briefs from the State Department, United Nations, and others related to Afghan freedom fighters, long-term occupation by Soviets, effect on international peace and security, human rights (1983-1985), and constituent letters.

Box 23. Records on the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (1979), and constituent letters concerning the US trade boycott with the USSR, Afghanistan development, SALT, and the Export Control Act.

Cambodia and Vietnam

Box 92. Constituent response to proposed amendment deferring college students from the draft, individuals with personal questions about the draft, Holling's speeches, statements and media transcripts about the Armed Forces and Vietnam (1966-68), records from the Secretary of Air Force and the State Department, and research reports on Vietnam by the Armed Forces including policy, propaganda, public opinion, and the Geneva Agreements of 1954 (1967-8).
Box 97. Constituent letters and a speech on trade with communist nations.
Boxes 101-102. Constituent letters (1966-8).
Box 110. Senator McIntyre's support of the influx of forces in Cambodia and Vietnam, Hollings response speech, Hollings statements calling for an end-of-involvement in Cambodia, senatorial new releases about Cambodia, extensive constituent correspondence concerning the draft, and constituent letters condemning soldiers' actions at My Lai.
Box 121. Constituent letters.
Boxes 136-137. Constituent letters concerning amnesty proposals (1972), reports by Foreign Affairs Analysts and CRS about amnesty, and constituent correspondence about My Lai and Lt. William Calley's court martial.
Boxes 149-150. Constituent response to bombing in North Vietnam and withdrawal plans (1971-2), reports on the human cost of communism, a White House Report with a proposal for a negotiated settlement, and Kissinger and Nixon press transcripts.
Box 163. List of US military casualties in Vietnam including South Carolina deaths (Jan. 1, 1961-Mar. 31, 1973), constituent letters and response from Hollings office (1973-4), Secretary of Defense Elliot L. Richardson statement (1973), and "Amnesty: What Does it really mean?" pamphlet by Rev. Robert Newton Barger.
Box 175. Constituent response to Mayaguez, "Remember the Mayaguez" report by Stom Thurmond, and Department of Defense Second Supplemental Appropriations (FY1975).

Box 28. Transcript of speech by President Nguyen Van Thieu (1971), statement from Secretary of Defense Laird and Senate/House Armed Services Committees, briefs on the Laos Operation (1971), objectives in Vietnam and progress (1970), and communist influences in demonstrations, “Government of the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam concerning U.S. Imperialists: serious escalation of the war against the D.R.V.N." statement, and official photographs of Vietnam War protests by US Park Police.

China

Box 101. Hollings speech "Shall we appease Communist China?" (1968) and constituent responses.
Box 148. Constituent responses to Nixon's closer relations with China and the possibility of recognizing China as a legitimate government (1971).
Box 175. Constituent letters (June 20, 1973-Sept. 24, 1973).
Box 204. China-US Policy, report of Senator Jackson to Senate Armed Services Committee (1974), constituent letters (1975-6), American MIA's and the Chinese connection, and a legislative proposal by Senator Joe Biden.
Box 236. Constituent responses to the recognition of "Red China" and the end of the treaty with Taiwan, National Assembly of China statement on Carter decision to recognize the Chinese Communist Regime (1978), memo on diplomatic relations with China and Taiwan, Amnesty International briefing "Taiwan (Republic of China)."
Box 271. Submission of bill by President Carter to maintain/promote relations with Taiwan (1979) and constituent letters.
Box 273. Constituent letters, Briefing Book on Hollings legislation to reaffirm Taiwan commitment (S.245), and reports from the Committee on Foreign Relations and the State Department.
Box 291. Briefs on military aircraft sales to Taiwan and records on China-US-Soviet relations (1981).
Box 328. Constituent letters (1983) and State Department brief on China (1981).
Box 353. Constituent letters (1986).

Box 2. “Pro + Cons on the Use of National Troops Against Communist China" report (1951) and "U.S. Policy Toward Communist China" brief (1951).

Box 12. Constituent letters concerning China and Taiwan (1979), continuing aid to Taiwan (H. 2912, 1979), and constituent letters concerning US acknowledgement of the People's Republic of China.
Box 29. Constituent letters asking Derrick to support prohibition of radar and navigation technology to China (H.J.R. 253).

Box 18. Briefs on aid to non-Communist China, the Chinese Communist Movement, and the Trade Agreement Program and Chinese imports.
Box 22. Constituent letters on Communist China and the recognition of the "Red Regime in China" (1949-50).

Cuba - Nicaragua

Cuba

Box 82. Constituent letters concerning the Cuban Missile Crisis and Economic Blockade (1961).
Box 88. Constituent letters about US action and inaction in Cuba.
Box 100. Constituent letters concerning Cuba (1962).

Cypress / Greece / Turkey

Box 175. McClellan amendment to end Turkish military assistance and Hollings disagreement (1974).
Box 204. Record of Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale discussing Ford's movement away from Greece and the White House request for aid to Turkey.
Box 236. Briefs on the Turkish-US defense relationship, Greek Cypriot refugees, Turkey's role in NATO, and arms embargo from the perspective of Cyprus, Turkey, NATO, and others.

Box 11. Brief, “Greek – Turkish Aid Bill” (1947) and related constituent letters.

Box 2. Records concerning need for Marshall Plan to stop Soviet spread, specifically related to the Korean War and to Greece and Turkey (1951).

El Salvador

Box 329. "Contingencies on the Korean Peninsula: Confrontation or Peaceful
Coexistence" brief (1983).

Korea

Box 328. Documents concerning Marxist takeover in El Salvador and suggested response policy and briefs on topics including the El Salvadorian Presidential Election and elections in general, guerrilla lines in El Salvador, and more.

Boxes 26 and 30. Constituent letters (1951-2).

Box 2. Briefs on the Korean War (1951) and records concerning need for Marshall Plan to stop Soviet spread as related to the Korean War (1951).

Nicaragua

Box 330. Constituent letters (1983-4), briefs discussing compromise on US Covert Aid to the Contras (1983), and a memorandum on Nicaragua Peace Initiatives to Honduras (1983).
Box 373. “Peace Agreement Between the Constitutional Government of Nicaragua and the Nicaraguan Resistance” report (1987), briefs on Soviet equipment delivered to Nicaragua and benchmarks for democracy in Nicaragua (1987-8).

Box 12. Constituent response to Sandinista seizure of power in Nicaragua
and the U.S. decision of non-intervention (1979).
Box 26. Records concerning Derrick's decision to support the President's economic sanctions against Nicaragua (1985) and constituent letters in supporting and opposing his actions.
Box 29. Former President Nixon speech, "The Case for Aid to the Contras" (1986).