Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

The Cold War

Introduction

This page highlights materials in SCPC's collections on The Cold War arranged by topic.

Note: The box descriptions do not provide an exhaustive list of the folders within. These are simply highlights from the boxes which give an idea of the type of materials inside. It's likely that there are more related documents within the boxes listed below.

Arms Race - NATO

Arms Race

Box 110. Memorandum on Anti-Ballistic Missiles and constituent letters concerning ABM Defense System (1969).
Box 204. Report on International Security and Arms Export Act of 1975 and CRS Brief, "Soviet Defense Expeditions and the US Defense Debate."
Box 223. "NATO’s Conventional Deficiencies Invite Soviet Attack" statement by Senators Nunn and Bartlett and constituent letters.
Box 291. Reports from the Foreign Affairs Research Institute on space battle stations and revising the ABM Treaty.

Communism Scare

Box 41. Constituent letters concerning McCarthy (1954-8) and McCarthyism propaganda.
Box 117. Include several briefs on outlawing the Communist Party, the US Communist Part, Communist problems in Latin America, HUAC hearings, and Communists in the labor movement, education, and churches (1940s-1950s).

Box 2. summary of activities of House Un-American Activities Committee (1949), Bryson bill to outlaw the Communist Party in America (H.R. 3290), Bryson speech “Communist Threat to American Way of Life,” second attempt to outlaw Communist Party (H.R. 1037, 1952).

Box 2. Constituent letters concerning Ashmore’s claim that Communism was infiltrating America, Ashmore’s attack on protestant ministers and educators (1958), US anti-communist propaganda (1950s), House Report on the spread of Communism and American life (1951).

European Aid

Box 11. Papers related to Congressional trip to Europe in 1947.
Box 14. Constituent letters on the Emergency Relief Program for Europe and adoption of the Marshall Plan (1948) and briefs from the House Committee on Foreign Aid including East European economy as it relates to the European Recovery Program, inflation and foreign aid program finances, transportation and its effects on the European Recovery Program, and other related material.
Box 18. "Knowledge of the Marshall Plan in Europe: France" report (1949), briefs on topics including aid to non-Communist China, the Chinese Communist movement, trade with China, devaluation and European recovery, and the North Atlantic Treaty, testimony regarding the North Atlantic Pact to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (1949), and constituent letters (1949).

Box 2. Bryson speech in response to Berlin Airlift.

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)

Box 135. Constituent letters about the Mansfield Amendment, Hollings speech in favor of Mansfield Amendment, and a report by the Department of Defense on the status of the US-European commitment.
Box 261. Includes a speech by Senator Henry Jackson on SALT at the North Atlantic Assembly, minutes of the Military Committee and other committees at the North Atlantic Assembly (1979-80), and the "SALT and the NATO Allies" report by the Committee on Foreign Relations (Oct. 1979).
Box 272. Five folders of constituent letters about NATO and SALT II (1979-80)
Box 291. Report by Senator Sam Nunn to the Committee on Armed Services (May 1982) and briefs on NATO's industrial mobilization capability as well as the US's defense industrial base and structural disarmament of the West (1981).
Box 330. Constituent letters (1984) and Hollings speech (1983).

Nuclear Disarmament -

Nuclear Disarmament and SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks)

Box 88. Five folders of constituent letters concerning the Nuclear Test Ban Agreement (1963).

Box 13. Constituent letters about SALT II on the floor of the Senate.

Box 101. Committee on Foreign Relations reports supporting the ratification of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, White House submission of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, including letters from Johnson and Secretary Rusk, and remarks from the President upon signing the Non-Proliferation Treaty in the East Room.
Box 122. Constituent letters regarding Hollings voting against the Non-Proliferation Treaty (1969), "The Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons" report by the Committee on Foreign Relations, Hollings speech on the Non-Proliferation Treaty, and a report on SALT with a timeline of negotiations (1964-1970). 
Box 149. Hollings statements and speeches against signing SALT (1972), Hollings speech on his joint resolution bill (S.J. Res. 241), constituent correspondence concerning SALT, a White House fact sheet on SALT, and a report on the US Arms Control Agency.
Box 175. Includes an agreement between the USSR and US on the Prevention of Nuclear War, the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (June 13, 1972), briefs on the test ban campaign timeline, US security issues in European border control, constituent letters concerning SALT (1973-4), a speech by Strom Thurmond on SALT and Defense (Dec. 16, 1974), SALT issue brief, Federation of American Scientists comment on SALT agreement, and a Joint US-Soviet Statement (Nov. 24, 1974).
Box 261. Statement by Hollings on SALT II and the Budget Resolution Amendment (Aug. 3, 1979), Hollings proposal to "Increase in US Defense Budget by 3%" and Carter's response letter, a transcript of an interview with Churchill on SALT II (Sept. 1, 1979), and speeches on SALT II by Senator Sam Nunn, House of Lords member Chalfone, Colonel Marc Genest, Air Vice Marshal Steward of Great Britain, and General J.A. Graf Kielmansegg of West Germany.
Box 274. Seven folders of constituent letters concerning SALT II and a Senate floor speech by Hollings opposing SALT II.
Box 291. Constituent letters concerning disarmament (1981-2).
Box 330. Nine folders of constituent letters about disarmament, Hollings "Nuclear Arms" speech, “Soviet Treaty Violations of SALT II, the ABM Treaty and the Helsinki Accords” and “Soviet Charges of American Arms Control violations and American Charges of Soviet Arms Control Violations" briefs (1983-4).
Box 331. Constituent letters concerning SALT II (1983-4), briefs concerning USSR noncompliance (1983-4), Department of State Briefs concerning SALT II (1978-9), and press conference transcript of the US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (1978).
Box 373. Briefs on the development of SALT, interpreting the ABM Treaty, and conventional arms control in Europe (1988), "Senate Consideration of the ABM Treaty in 1972 and Constitutional Consideration" hearing transcript of the Committee on Foreign Relations and Committee on the Judiciary.
Box 374. Hollings letter to the President regarding the ABM Treaty (Mar. 17, 1987), speeches on AB< and INF (1987-8), minutes from meetings concerning negotiation of the SALT Treaty with Ambassador Smith and Minister Semenor (Dec. 20, 1971) and USSR Diplomat Mr. Grinevsky and Dr. Raymond Garthoffm (Jan.-Feb., 1972), statements from Paul Nitze, Senator Sam Nin, and William Harns (1987), Meet the Press transcript with Ambassador Max Kampelman and Senator Dale Bumpers, briefs from the State Department on AB< Treaty language and future arms systems, INF Treaty brief, report from Senator Thurmond on INF issues with NATO commanders, and related photographs and Site Maps.

Kissinger

Box 175. Constituent letters concerning Kissinger Appointment to Secretary of State (1973).
Box 204. Constituent letters concerning “Détente” and Henry Kissinger (1976), “The Global Challenge and International Cooperation,” “The Moral Foundations of Foreign Policy,” and “The Global Consensus and Economic Development” speeches (1975), “Permanent Challenge of Peace: U.S. Policy Toward the Soviet Union” and “The Challenges of Africa” speeches (1976).

US-USSR Relations

Box 17. Constituent letters about US boycott of 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow due to Afghanistan invasion.

Box 101. Records about the Consular Treaty (1967) including constituent response, White House submission of the Treaty with letters by Johnson and W. Averill Harriman, a speech by Secretary of State Rusk, and a report on hearing before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations.
Box 148. Report by Nixon to Congress “U.S. Foreign Policy for the 1970s: Building for Peace” (Feb. 25, 1971).
Boxes 274-276. Constituent letters on US-USSR relations in general (1979-80), documents relating to rain Embargo and SALT II, including briefs concerning the Soviet Economy and Brezhnev warnings about European Missile Plans, “Public Attitudes Towards the 1980 Summer Olympics” (1980).
Box 353. Constituent letters of US-USSR relations and Soviet downing of Korean 747 Airliner (1983-4), and a speech by Hollings in response to President's speech on Korean 747 Airliner.
Box 353. Constituent letters (1985).