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Earth and Ocean Sciences Research Guide

Gray Literature

Gray literature is research that is either unpublished or has been published in noncommercial forms.

Examples of gray literature include:

  • Government reports
  • Conference proceedings
  • Geological and geophysical surveys
  • Newsletters and bulletins
Advantages of Gray Literature
  • Timeliness: Results of studies may appear in gray literature 12 to 18 months before being published via traditional channels.
  • Flexibility: Rather than waiting years for the publication of a revised edition, authors, editors, and web content creators can update information when needed.
  • Accessibility: There is a great abundance of gray literature that is freely available, either in print or on the web.

Earth and Ocean Sciences Gray Literature

Government Resources
Professional Associations