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Citation Formats: MLA 8

The New MLA

The MLA Handbook, 8th edition, has abandoned the "print" v. "web" designations, and now uses a universal set of guidelines for all sources focusing on "containers" of information.

  • A useful practice template for creating source citations is linked in the Help Resources in the right column below.
  • For experienced users of MLA, check out the link to "What's New in the Eighth Edition" for a summary of changes.

Journal Article examples

Kincaid, Jamaica. "In History." Callaloo, vol. 24, no. 2, Spring 2001, pp. 620-26. Project Muse, doi:10.1353/cal.2001.0097.

Capperdoni, Alessandra. "Why the Avant-Garde? The Function of the Letter in Canadian Avant-Garde Poetics." Canadian Literature, no. 210/211, Autumn/Winter 2011, pp. 97-114. Academic Search Complete,

Cooper, Stewart E., et al. "Professional Preparation and Continuing Education for Beginning, Entry, Midlevel, and Senior Consulting Psychologists." Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, vol. 59, no. 1, 2007, pp. 1-16.

Bergmann, Harrier F. "‘A Piercing Virtue': Emily Dickinson in Margaret Drabble's The Waterfall." Contemporary Literary Criticism, edited by,  Jeffrey W. Hunter, vol. 129, Gale, 2000, pp. 124-29. Originally published in Modern Fiction Studies, vol. 36, no. 2, Summer 1990, pp. 181-93.

Shehan, Constance L., and Amanda B. Moras. “Deconstructing Laundry: Gendered Technologies and the Reluctant Redesign of Household Labor.” Michigan Family Review, vol. 11, no. 1, 2006, pp. 39-54.

Articles from Magazines, Newspapers, Encyclopedias, and the Web

Kates, Robert W. “Population and Consumption: What We Know, What We Need to Know.” Environment, Apr. 2000, pp. 10-19.

Deresiewicz, William. “The Death of the Artist—and the Birth of the Creative Entrepreneur.” The Atlantic, 28 Dec.2014,

Ruhe, Pierre. "Pouring it On: Heat Churns in a Vicious Cycle." The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, main edition, 8 Aug. 2008, p. A1.

“The Scientists Speak.” New York Times, 20 Nov. 2007,

Jeromack, Paul. “This Once, A David of the Art World Does Goliath a Favor.” New York Times, late edition, 13 July 2002, p. B7. LexisNexis Academic,,270077,11059,8411&hl=t&hv=t&hnsd=f&hns=t&hgn=t&oc=00240&perma=true.

Schroth, Gwen. "Scheduling." Encyclopedia of Education, edited by James W. Guthrie, 2nd ed., vol. 6, Macmillan Reference USA, 2003, pp. 2095-99.

Hollmichel, Stefanie. "The Reading Brain: Differences between Digital and Print." So Many Books, 25 Apr. 2013,

Book and Anthology examples

Wieder, Alan. Teacher and Comrade: Richard Dudley and the Fight for Democracy in South Africa. State U of New York P, 2008.

Eggins, Suzanne, and Diana Slade. Analyzing Casual Conversation. Cassell, 1997.

Quirk, Randolph, et al. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. Longman,1985.

Coutinho, Steve. An Introduction to Daoist Philosophies. Columbia UP, 2014. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost),

Bordo, Susan. “The Moral Content of Nabokov’s Lolita.” Aesthetic Subjects, edited by Pamela R. Matthews and David McWhirter, U of Minnesota P, 2003, pp. 125-52.

Euripides. The Trojan WomenTen Plays, translated by Paul Roche, New American Library, 1998, pp. 457-512.

Dissertations And Theses

Njus, Jesse. Performing the Passion: A Study on the Nature of Medieval Acting. 2010. Northwestern U, PhD dissertation. ProQuest,

Remedios, Richard E. Defining My Process: My Journey Through the MFA Acting Program at the University of South Carolina. 2007. U of South Carolina, Master's thesis.

Social Media and Non-Textual Sources

@UofSC. "GO GAMECOCKS." Twitter, 13 Mar. 2022, 7:52 p.m.,

"This is How Social Media is Destroying Your Life - The Fake Reality." YouTube, uploaded by MotivationGrid, 16 Jul. 2019,

Van Gogh, Vincent. The Potato Eaters. 1885. Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam. Van Gogh Museum, Accessed 20 Mar. 2022.

The Untold Story of Emmett Louis Till, directed by Keith Beauchamp, Shout Factory, 2005, Kanopy. Accessed 20 Mar. 2022.

MLA Handbook

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