Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Styles for the Sciences

ACS Style

ACS Style was developed by the American Chemical Society and is commonly used in the field of chemistry. ACS citations consist of in-text citations and a list of references

In-Text Citations

ACS suggests citing in-text references in three ways:

  • By superscript numbers
    • Oscillation in the reaction of benzaldehyde with oxygen was reported previously1.
  • By italic numbers in parentheses
    • Oscillation in the reaction of benzaldehyde with oxygen was reported previously (6).
  • By author name and year of publication in parenthesis
    • Oscillation in the reaction of benzaldehyde with oxygen was reported previously (Finnegan et al., 2004).
 
One Author

(Author, year)

(Axelrod, 2003)

 
Two Authors

(Author and Author, year)

(O'Brien and Alenno, 2005)

 
Three or More Authors

(First author et al., year)

(Bachrach et al., year)

References

 

Books (With Editors)

Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Chapter Title. In Book Title, Edition Number; Editor 1, Editor 2, etc., Eds.; Series Information

(if any); Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Volume Number, page numbers.

Example:

Almlof, J.; Gropen, O. Relativistic Effects in Chemistry. In Reviews in Computational Chemistry; Lipkowitz, K. B., Boyd, D. B., Eds.;

VCH: New York, 1996; Vol. 8, pp 206–210.

 
Books (Without Editors)

Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Chapter Title. Book Title, Edition Number; Series Information (if any); Publisher:

Place of Publication, Year; Volume Number, page numbers.

Example:

Le Couteur, P.; Burreson, J. Napoleon’s Buttons: How 17 Molecules Changed History; Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam: New York, 2003;

pp 32–47.

 
Data Sets

Title; Publisher: Place of Publication, Date; Data Entry Number, Figure Title or other identifying information.

Example:

The Sadtler Standard Spectra: 300 MHz Proton NMR Standards; Bio-Rad, Sadtler Division: Philadelphia, PA, 1994;

No. 7640 (1-Chloropentane).

 
Journal Articles (Online)

Author 1; Author 2; Author 3, etc. Title of Article. Journal Abbreviation [Online] Year, Volume, page numbers.

URL (accessed Month Day, Year). 

Example:

Jiang, Q.; Zhai, C.; Xiong, Z. Chemical Compound Classification Based on Improved Max-Min Kernel. J. Chem. Pharm. Res. [Online]

2014, 6, 368-372. jocpr.com/vol6-iss2-2014/JCPR-2014-6-2- 368-372.pdf (accessed July 06, 2015). 

Note: If the article was retrieved from a database provider, the database provider should be listed before the URL and followed by a period.

 
Journal Articles (Print)

Author 1; Author 2; Author 3, etc. Title of article. Journal abbreviation. Year, volume, page numbers.

Example:

Reinke, A. A.; Gestwicki, J. E. Insight into Amyloid Structure Using Chemical Probes. Chem. Biol. Drug Des. 2011, 77, 399-411.

 
Meetings and Conferences

Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Title of Presentation. In Title of the Collected Work, Proceedings of the Name of the Meeting,

Location of Meeting, Date of Meeting; Editor 1, Editor 2, etc., Eds.; Publisher: Place of Publication, Year;

Abstract Number, page numbers.

Example:

Garrone, E.; Ugliengo, P. In Structure and Reactivity of Surfaces, Proceedings of the European Conference, Trieste, Italy,

Sept 13–20, 1988; Zecchina, A., Cost, G., Morterra, C., Eds.; Elsevier: Amsterdam, 1988.

 
Technical Report

Author. Title of Report; Technical Report Number; Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; page numbers (if any).

Example:

Beurskens, P. T.; Bossman, W. P.; Doesburg, H. M.; Gould, R. O.; van der Hark, Th. E. M.; Prick, P. A. J. DIRDIF: Direct Methods

for Difference Structures; Technical Report 1980/1; Crystallographic Laboratory: Toernooiveld, Netherlands, 1980.

 
Theses and Dissertations

Author. Title of Thesis/Dissertation. Level of Thesis/Dissertation, Degree-Granting University, Location of University,

Date of Completion.

Example:

Chandrakanth, J. S. Effects of Ozone on the Colloidal Stability of Particles Coated with Natural Organic Matter. Ph.D. Dissertation,

University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, 1994.

 
Websites

Author (if any). Title of Site. URL (accessed Month Day, Year), other identifying information (if any).

Example:

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov (accessed Nov 7, 2004).